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Remembering the Battle of the Monocacy

July 9 @ 10:00 am - July 10 @ 5:00 pm

Living history re-enactors will gather at Ellicott City’s B&O Station (the oldest surviving railroad terminus in the country) to commemorate the Battle of the Monocacy and the retreat of Union troops through Ellicott Mills to Baltimore.  Rail lines west of the town had been disrupted in many areas and the B & O station provided the first secure access route to Baltimore.  Many Union soldiers were wounded at Monocacy and they received medical care and treatment at churches and buildings in town upon their arrival. A quote of the time stated that the sweat & blood of the troops settled the dust on Main Street! During their retreat, the regiment was almost without rations, but patriotic women of Ellicotts’ Mills and vicinity, brought an abundant supply of provisions to the retreating troops.

Although the Union soldiers suffered defeat at the Battle of Monocacy they successfully delayed Confederate soldiers in getting to their planned rendezvous point giving Union reinforcements the time they needed to get to the lightly defended Washington D.C. which was in jeopardy of capture.

Outnumbered two to one the Union soldiers under the command of General Lew Wallace showed remarkable courage at Monocacy.  General Jubal Early’s Confederate force numbered around 15,000 and General Wallace’s only about 6,600. The battle however was not merely an assault for victory– it was in fact a tactical maneuver designed to slow the advancement of the Confederate army. In doing so Union commanders engaged Early for the remainder of the summer and fall in the Shenandoah Valley enabling Grant and Lee to dig in further south.



  • First Maryland Volunteer Infantry
  • 138th Pennsylvania, Co. B
  • Ed Gantt – 23rd Infantry Regiment USCT (United States Colored Troops)
  • Steve Diatz as W. S. Halliday – 1860’s New York Herald Newspaper Reporter


July 9 @ 10:00 am
July 10 @ 5:00 pm


Ellicott City B&O Station Museum
3711 Maryland Ave
Ellicott City, MD 21043 United States
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